Opioid Use Disorder Doctors Questions and Answers
If you are having difficulty with opioid use or it is having a negative impact on your life, our addiction doctors at Restoration Recovery would be pleased to meet you. We would love to provide you with high-quality treatment to help you find success on your road to recovery. For more information, please call us or book an appointment online. We have 2 convenient locations to serve you in Chattanooga TN and Dalton GA.
Opioid use disorder involves an unhealthy dependence upon or addiction to opioids, whether for recreational use or pain relief. While opioids can have powerful pain relief and euphoric effects, they are also highly addictive and can have a significantly negative impact on one’s life. As such, To give you a better idea about opioid use disorder, we have provided some answers to commonly asked questions below.
What defines opioid use disorder?
In general, an opioid use disorder can be defined as a chronic and problematic pattern of opioid use resulting in significant impairment or disruption to an individual’s life. With that being said, there are several degrees of opioid use disorders, ranging from mild to severe, including both dependence and addiction. Opioid use disorder can occur from illicit drugs, such as heroin, as well as medication for chronic pain conditions, such as fentanyl, hydromorphone, morphine, or oxycodone.
Is opioid use disorder the same as addiction?
Opioid addiction is an opioid use disorder in its most severe form. As such, an opioid use disorder is not the same as addiction, but it can lead to addiction.
What is the diagnosis for opioid use disorder?
According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are 11 different diagnostic criteria used to determine if an individual has an opioid use disorder. In order for a positive opioid use disorder diagnosis to be made, an individual must meet at least two of the criteria within a 12-month period. The 11 criteria for diagnosing an opioid use disorder are as follows:
- Opioids have taken in higher dosages or for longer times than prescribed or intended
- Persistent desire or lack of success in cutting down or controlling opioid use
- A significant amount of time spent in activities necessary to obtain, use, and recover from using the opioid
- Strong cravings or desires to use opioids
- Recurrent opioid use results in failure to uphold major obligations at work, school, or home
- Continued opioid use despite persistent or recurrent relational problems that are caused or worsened by the effects of opioid use
- Normally important social, recreational, or occupational activities are given up or reduced due to opioid use
- Recurrent use of opioids in situations where it is physically hazardous to oneself or others in doing so
- Continued use of opioids despite having a physical or psychological issue that is either caused made worse by opioid use
- Need for markedly increased amounts of the opioid to achieve a “high” or other desired effect or experiencing a markedly diminished effect from the opioid
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms or using the opioid to avoid or reduce withdrawal symptoms
With that in mind, if an individual meets two or three of the above criteria, they are diagnosed with a mild opioid use disorder. Likewise, four to five symptoms indicate moderate opioid use disorder, while the presence of six or more symptoms indicates severe opioid use disorder.
If you or someone you love are dealing with an opioid use disorder and would like more information or want to schedule an appointment with us at Restoration Recovery, we would love to hear from you! To contact us, please feel welcome to give us a call or schedule an appointment with us right here on our website. We serve patients from Chattanooga TN, Dalton GA, Rocky Face GA, Tunnel Hill GA, Chatsworth GA, Spring Place GA, Fairmount TN, Walden TN, Harrison TN, Middle Valley TN, Signal Mountain TN, and surrounding areas.